Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of apparel originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas may possibly check with several garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the British influence on the wider Western environment during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night apparel, and is also synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term pidžame is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton. The jacket ingredient normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got occasionally provided the latter being a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.